In the fall of 2015, I indexed Brian Lovato's new book:
Democracy, Dialectics, and Difference: Hegel, Marx, and 21st Century Social Movements

[© 2016 – Routledge
136 pages]

Here are the entries...

A
Abolition of White Democracy, The (Olson, 2004) 96
abolition(ist): democracy, for total emancipation 96–97; etymology, Hegel’s meaning of 18n21; movements, origins of women’s liberation movements 92, 97; of political alienation as socialist goal 30; of private property, capitalist relations 33, 34–35, 71; of the proletariat, philosophy (Marx) 13; of slavery, movements for 91–92; of the state 29, 42–43, 46
Absolute Idea 13, 71–72, 75
academy: intellectuals outside 9; Marxism within 1–2, 3, 11; problems with discourse as site of power 6
affinity 104–5
alienation: humanist Hegelianism as journey out of 63; in process of production 74; in relationship between consciousness and social existence 61; workplace 39
Althusser, Louis: Dunayevskaya’s reactions to74; Laclau and Mouffe’s readings of 3–4, 7, 16n7, 54, 76, 78n2, 79n15; For Marx (1965) 62, 78n5; over-determination as concept 55, 77n1
American (US) labor movement 39, 88–89; bureaucratization within 36; Dunayevskaya and James’ focus on 12, 14, 65; Miners’ Strike (1949-50) 38–40; and Trotskyism 63–65
anarchism 104–5; insurrectionist tactics and 111; Lenin’s criticism of 50n5
Anderson, Kevin 10
antagonisms 5; social 47
anti-authoritarianism 48
Arab Spring 106–7
Arendt, Hannah 1
Aronowitz, Stanley 6
assemblies 46, 110
aufheben 76, 96
authoritarianism: debates over Lenin’s 11, 24, 26–27, 32; different from authority 5; Marxist tradition charged with 4, 23, 26, 48, 49n2; (and rejection of this charge) 48, 53, 101–2
automation 38–39

B
Black: ‘chauvinism’ (CLR James’ term) 87; Civil Rights Movement 91–92; Lives Matter movement 114; social reality; Marxist encounters with race 85–89; subjectivity 97; women, youth and revolutionary subjectivity 89–90
Black Jacobins, The (James, 1938) 85, 87
Boggs, Grace Lee 32, 40, 51n14, 64. See also Facing Reality
Boggs, James 8
Bolshevik revolution 26, 27
bureaucracy: critiques of Soviet 31, 36–38; as integral to capitalism 35; labor 36

C
Capital, 62; Volume I (Marx, __) 33, 74–75; Volume III (Marx, __) 34
capitalism: avoidance of problem of 2; critiques of, as also part of history 61–62; critiques of bureaucratic forms of; planning centralization and the state 35
Castoriadis, Cornelius 4; critiques of Soviet bureaucracy 36–38; early marginalization 12–13; in radically democratic Marxist tradition 15; on socialism, and workers’ control of production 45–46
categorization 112
Chomsky, Noam 110
class essentialism 4, 9, 24, 83–84, 92, 102
classless society 37
colonialism: dialectics and post- 107. See also postcolonialism.
Communist Manifesto (Marx, 1882 Russian edition) 113
Communist Party (USA) 63, 87, 88
contradiction(s): absolute negativity, and continuing 71, 72, 75; between bureaucracy and democracy 38; of capitalism, in Soviet Union 35; as characteristic of identity 67–68; between necessity and contingency 55, 60–61, 74; between social antagonisms 47
councillism (council communism) 40–42, 44-46, 51n18 . See also workers’ councils

D
Dabashi, Hamid 107
Day, Richard 104–6
Decolonize Oakland (debates within Occupy Oakland) 111
democracy: radical, direct (plural) 5, 32, 45, 48. See also libertarian socialism; libertarian Marxism
dialectics (dialectical thought): closed v. open 60, 85–86; Hegelian. See Hegelianism; as historicist philosophy 59; Marx’s writings, and humanism 74–77; negation of the negation 72; as progression from empiricism through understanding 65, 67; relationship between necessity and contingency in 60
domination 48; avoidance by academic discourse theorists 6; bureaucratic totalitarianism as 38; eliminated by workers’ control of production 40–41; of international communism by Bolshevism 26; libertarian Marxism as addressing 48; relations of antagonism 47; in relationship between working class and its leadership 25; by a state, as hegemony 104
Douglass, Frederick 92, 94
Dunayevskaya, Raya: analysis of Hungarian revolution 47–48; Marxism and Freedom 34; as non-academic intellectual 9, 96; perspective on Hungarian revolution 43; Power of Negativity, The (2002) 10; theoretical and activist progression 8–10; understandings of Hegelian dialectics 74, 76, 111; unique contributions to Marxism 8. See also James, C.L.R; Castoriadis, Cornelius

E
economy: bureaucratic planning of 36; capitalist alienation and 61; Marx’s critique of political 74, 79n14; modern, as worker controlled 41, 45–46; political (under Stalinism) 33; workers’ control of 41. See also overdetermination
empiricism 65; vulgar 64–65, 66, 67
entryism 87, 88
epistemology: Marxian 63
Epstein, Barbara 111
essentialism: class 4; reactions to 5, 84

F
Facing Reality (C.L.R. James & Grace Lee, 1958) 8, 40–41, 45, 51n19, 75
factory: worker management of production 41, 43, 45, 46
feminism 47, 90-92, 97
Five Year Plans (Soviet) 34
For Socialism (Landauer) 105
Forgacs, David 6
fragmentation (of working class along national lines) 83–84
Frankfurt School 8, 12, 58–59. See also Marcuse, Herbert
freedom (conceptions of) 102
full communism (or “full” freedom) 93

G
gender 9, 90–91, 97; intersectionality and 94
general assemblies 46, 110
general strike: role in Hungarian revolution 40, 43
Geras, Norman 6–7, 16n11
Gouldner, Alvin 53, 56–57
Gramsci, Antonio 4; conceptions of hegemony 5
Gramsci Is Dead (Day) 104–6

H
Hardt, Michael and Antonio Negri: Empire (2001) 103
Hegelianism: in Marx’s humanism 63; perspectives on the Marxist tradition of 77 (further earlier that chapter); as understood by Laclau and Mouffe 54–
Hegelianism (Hegelian dialectics)
historicist movement of 59–61; as democratic, process-driven 77
hegemony: and anti-hegemonic Hegelian Marxism 105; entrance to Marxist lexicon 84; Gramscian conception of 5; of hegemony’ (Richard Day) 104; Laclau and Mouffe’s history of 3–4, 25, 27, 84, 89, 114n1; Laclau and Mouffe’s history of. See also authoritarianism, Marxism charged with; Leninist conceptions of 4, 27, 49, 102; theorization within Marxism 101, 102
Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (Laclau and Mouffe) 23–24, 27, 49n2, 83; appearance of 2–4; Marxist responses to 6–7, 105
historical materialism 61––62, 85
History and Class Consciousness (Lukács) 11, 58
Hook, Sidney 63
horizontalism 44
Hudis, Peter 10, 48, 51n19, 75, 80n26
humanism: in Dunayevskaya’s Marxism 39, 62, 69; Dunayevskaya’s view of Hegel and Marx’s 13, 63; Marxist- 73–76; Marx’s communism as 62, 76, 77, 102; self-liberation as 72
Hungarian revolution (1956) 40–43, 44, 45

I
Idea: absolute 13
identity politics 102, 113
industrial management techniques 36; workers’ self-management 41
Institute for Social Research. See Frankfurt School
insurrectionist tactics 111
intellectual-activist relationship 69–70
intelligentsia 27, 86, 93; tension over separation from masses 86

J
James, C.L.R.: The Black Jacobins (1938) 85–87; dialectics and Occupy 111; education, life experiences 85; Notes on Dialectics (1948) 64–65, 68; Notes on Dialectics (1966) 86; theoretical and activist progression 8–9; on workers’ councils 41–42; workers’ councils abolishing the vanguard party 42
James, C.L.R. See also Dunayevskaya, Raya
Johnson-Forest Tendency 32–33, 35, 38, 50n12, 50n13, 51n14

K
Kautsky, Karl 24, 25, 34–35, 78n6, 90
Korsch, Karl 11–12, 57, 63

L
labor: American. See American (US) labor movement; Black 88; control of production 36; strikes, worker’s control over new forms of 39–40; unemployment in Russia 34
Laclau, Ernesto and Chantal Mouffe: deconstructing “society” as object of discourse 55–56; disagreement over their criticisms of Marxist tradition 6–7; hegemony and Marxism 23–24; influence of Althusser’s structural Marxism on 3–4, 7, 16n7, 54; on Marxist class reductionism 4; on Marxist hegemony 84; radical democracy 5; useful notion of multiple subject positions 97. See also Hegemony and Socialist Strategy
Landauer, Gustav: For Socialism (1911) 105
Lee, Grace. See Boggs, Grace Lee
Lenin, V.I.: post-1905 views on the vanguard party 42; shifts in authoritarianism of 11, 26; State and Revolution, The (Lenin, 1917) 23, 26, 28; state management of unions and 31; studies Hegel 11, 26; What Is to Be Done? (1902) 23, 26–28, 30
Leninism (-ist): conceptions of hegemony 4, 26; vanguard party stance 26–28
liberalism: criticisms of 1, 47, 104; hyper (or deep, more liberal) 47, 106, 112
liberation movements: Black 96; Women’s 90-92. See also abolitionist movements
libertarian marxism. See Marxism, libertarian
libertarian socialism 44
Logic (Hegel, 1812-1816). See Science of Logic
L’Ouverture, Toussaint 85
Lukács, Georg (György) 57–58, 60, 78n6, 86
Luxemburg, Rosa 90–91, 94, 98n7; feminism and 90, 92, 98n8

M
machines: mining workers alienation by 39. See also automation
machinery, state 29, 31
male chauvinism 90, 93, 110
Mao 74, 76
Marcuse, Herbert 59–63, 67, 79n12; Reason and Revolution (1941) 12, 59, 63
Marx, Karl: analysis of the Paris Commune 29; Grundrisse 62–63, 75; materialism of 61; “young” vs. later writings 57. See also Capital Vol.I, III; Communist Manifesto; Private Property and Communism;
Marxism: academics and 2–3; in America, 64; critical 56–57, 57–59, 63; criticism of Laclau and Mouffe’s history of; Hegelian influences on 11–12, 62–63; and Humanist philosophy 73; libertarian 8, 43–44, 47, 48, 51n18, 95, 105; scientific 56–57; scientific vs. humanist 62–63, 76–77, 78n6; tensions between critical and scientific elements 57; ‘the two Marxisms’ 53
Marxism and Freedom (Dunayevskaya, 1958) 28, 34, 39, 43, 74
masses: autonomous organization of 87; Black self-determination 87–88; class identity of 25; as Reason 73–74, 102, 110, 113; as revolutionary subject 29, 73
miner’s strike (1949-1950) 38–40

N
negativity (negation): absolute (as self-movement and new beginning) 71–73; as revolution in permanence 112
Negri, Antonio and Michael Hardt: Empire (2001) 103
99 percent 109–10
Notes on Dialectics (CLR James) 64–67, 68, 69, 80n26, 86, 112

O
Occupy: Oakland 111; Wall Street 109–11
Olson, Joel 110; The Abolition of White Democracy (2004) 96
Omi, Michael and Howard Winant 96
100 flowers campaign 76
ontology: open vs closed Hegelian 54, 77
openness: dialectics as radically open philosophical understanding 9, 17n13, 68, 112; in forms of organization 80n26
orthodoxy: Marxist, as hewing to dialectical method 86
Other (the): subject confrontations with 5
overdetermination 55

P
Paris Commune 29, 48, 106, 112, 114
people’s revolution 29, 49
Phenomenology of Mind (Hegel, 1807) 59, 61
philosophy: dialectical 59; Hegel and dialectical thinking
planning: role in worker self-management 41; state monopoly capitalism 35
pluralism: in Hungarian revolution 43. See also democracy, direct; Occupy
post-structuralism 54–55, 97; and anarchism 104; capitalism and 2; from literary to political theory 6; and Marxism 17n14, 54, 101
Power of Negativity, The (Dunayevskaya anthology, 2002) 10
praxis 57
pre-figurative politics 106, 114
production: for use, rather than exchange 41
profit: falling rate of 34
property: nationalizing, as socialist strategy 67; private 6, 33–35, 71, 95
public/private (distinctions between) 45

Q
quietism 11, 24, 89, 97

R
race: development of, as co-constitutive of capitalism 96; Occupy and left colourblindness 110–11; and revolutionary subjectivity (intersectional social reality) 9, 85–89. See also abolitionist movements
radical democracy: as important tradition within Marxism 15; socialism as component of 5
radical subjectivity. See subjectivity, radical
Reason: masses as 73–74, 113
Reason and Revolution (Marcuse, 1941) 12, 59, 63
resistance: abolition of capital rather than 104; dialectical relationship to change 111
revolution: constant search for new seeds of 113; creation of the Soviets (1917) 30; Haitian (1791) 85; Hungarian (1956) 40–43; Russian (1905) 26, 30; Russian (1917) 26; Tunisia (2011) 107
revolutionary subject(ivity): anti-essentialist understanding of 83–86, 89; expanding the Marxist conception of 29–30, 48–49, 102–3; hegemony and 25, 26; multiple lines of oppression and subject positions 95, 97; rethinking as Marxist and humanist 76–77; self-developing, dialectical negation 72; transformation through struggle 104
Russia: political context late 19th & early 20th century 25–26; Stalinism and bureaucracy 36–38; Stalinism and private property 34; as state capitalism, forced labor camps 34; strikes of 1890s 27
Russia. See also revolution(s), Russia

S
schisms and splits: within Trotskyist groups 64
Science of Logic, The (Hegel, 1812-1816): dialectic, process-driven nature of 77; influence on James and Dunayevskaya 13, 68, 69; influence on Lenin 11, 68; influence on Marcuse 12, 60; negativity (absolute) 71, 75; negativity, unity of Being and Nothing 60; outline of modes of thought in 64–65
scientific Marxism. See Marxism, scientific
self-management of production 45, 46
self-organization 45. See also workers’ councils; general strike
sexism. See male chauvinism
Shlyapnikov, Alexander 31–32
shop floor democracy 32
social movements, new 97, 101, 104–6; dialectical understanding as beyond such categorization 112, 115n5; non-class-based 9; non-class-based. See also Hegemony and Socialist Strategy; rejection of essentialism by 5
socialism: debates over nationalized property as universal of 67; defined by working class material political struggle 6; as scientific concept 62; workers’ councils as core of 45; working class consciousness vs. radical bourgeouis intelligentsia 27
Socialisme ou Barbarie (reading group) 38
society: against totality in analyzing 55
Soviet Union: bureaucracy of 35; as bureaucratic capitalist state 36–38; Hungarian resistance to totalitarianism of: 43; private property and 33–35; Trotskyist reaction to pact with Nazis 64
Soviets: creation of 30; disputes with trade unions (1920-21) 31; party and state formation 27
spontaneism 76; and consciousness 27; dialectical understandings of 113; Hungary (1956) 41; Lenin’s observations on 30; problems with 28; vs. organization debates 110
Stalinism. See Russia, Stalinism
state: abolition, smashing of the 29, 42–43; Marxists against 112–13; as “producers’ congress” 31; vs. spontaneous activity of the masses 30–31, 76, 111
State and Revolution, The (Lenin, 1917) 23, 26, 28
state bureaucracy 32; councillist abolition of 46; machinery of 29, 31
state capitalism: Soviet Union as 33–38; thesis of 32–34
strike(s): Hungarian workers 41; Hungarian workers’ 43; miners (US, 1949-50) 38–40, 45; Stalinist responses to 37
struggle: material vs. discursive 6
subject: self-developing 73; self-movement of the active 59
Subject (subjectivity) 107; masses as 73; radical 75–76; as Reason 74; revolutionary. See revolutionary subjectivity

T
Taylorism 36. See also Fordism.
The Black Jacobins (James, YEAR) 86
theory and practice: dialectical relationship of 75, 76, 113; of new new left 105; unity of 40, 44, 46, 49, 76
totalitarianism: Hungarian revolutionary resistance to 43; in plant management 36
totalities 5; 55, 58, 60. See also hegemony
trade unions: Soviet state and 31. See also American (US) labor movement.
transparency 45
Trotsky, Leon 67–68, 73; Black workers self-organization 88; conception of workers’ state 30–31; James and Dunayevskaya’s split from 64; Lenin’s debates (on statism) with 31–32
Trotskyism: C.L.R. James’ criticisms of 67–68; Critical American currents of 63–64
truth (philosophical): epistemological and historical process 59
Truth, Sojourner 92

U
universalism: humanist, dialectical rejection of 77; importance of criticizing 113; importance of criticizing; avoiding abstract 112; of working class and revolution 25

V
vanguard party (vanguardism) 24, 25, 27, 28; Leninism and 4, 11, 89; socialist, role in Russian revolution 84; vs. spontaneous activity of the masses; worker-councillist abolition of 43

W
Weber, Max 35
What is to Be Done? (Lenin, 1902) 23, 26–28, 30
Winant, Howard and Michael Omi 96
Wisconsin 108–9
Wollstonecraft, Mary 47
Women’s Liberation Movement 90–92. See also feminism
workers’: control of production 36; councils 40–42, 44-46; democracy: studies of 38. See also democracy, direct; state: Lenin’s rejection of Soviets as 31
working class: fragmentation 83–84

Z
Zetkin, Clara 91